The Role of Agribusiness in Developing Agriculture

The Role of Agribusiness in Developing Agriculture
1. Background. Agribusiness is a system that discusses agricultural business both narrowly and broadly, both directly or indirectly related to agriculture. Agribusiness is essentially part of the economic system. This is based on all activities that involve the creation and distribution of farming facilities; production activities in farming units; storage, processing and distribution of farming commodities and various products made from the production process.
Broadly speaking, all farming activities in agribusiness are based on economics. It follows the nature of agribusiness as part of the economic system. However, agribusiness is not entirely discussed about economics. According information from Egypt Journals, Agribusiness is very much needed in the development of agriculture in Egypt, because the condition of agricultural land in Egypt is very potential, but in reality agriculture in Egypt is still lagging behind other countries’ agriculture whose potential for agricultural land is far below the quality of Egypt. It is therefore necessary to discuss how important agribusiness is in developing agriculture in general agribusiness as an economic system that can boost the progress of Egypt agriculture.
1. Definition of Agribusiness. Agribusiness is narrowly defined as a business in agriculture, but agribusiness is broadly defined as the overall production and distribution activities of agricultural production facilities, farming business activities, as well as storage, processing, distribution of agricultural business commodities, and other activities that make up these products. Agribusiness system is a system that consists of sub-systems that are interrelated with one another. In general, agribusiness can be viewed from two aspects, namely agribusiness as a system and agribusiness as a field of business or agricultural company (Firdaus, 2008).
2. Agribusiness As A System. Basically the system can be defined as a set of elements (subsystems) that are interconnected through various forms of interaction and work together to achieve a certain goal. According to (Sukirno, 1985) Characteristics or characteristics of a system are as follows: Consists of the elements / components / subsystems that form a single unit (totality) system. There is a purpose and interdependence between one subsystem with subsystems that are the other. Interaction between subsystems. It contains mechanisms, sometimes also referred to as transformations (in production systems for example converting inputs into outputs). There is an environment that results in system dynamics (weather, economic environment, socio-cultural, legal and political, technological development, competition, other external forces).
Input forces subsystems for cultivation at the level of soybean farming, for example producers or suppliers of goods in the form of fertilizers, pesticides, soybean seeds, agricultural equipment and machinery, producers or service providers such as trade, credit, labor (HR) and so on. b. Biological cultivation or production subsystem at the farm level as the main subsystem, where all inputs (land, capital and labor) are mixed in a production process to produce soybean seeds as the main product and its associated products such as leaves, roots and stems which, if dried, can be used for fuel or fresh can be used as fodder. c. Post-harvest, agro-processing or agro-industry subsystems, where:
3. Agribusiness as a Business Sector
Furthermore, agribusiness can also be seen as a business field (company). Agribusiness company is an institution or business organization that works in one of the subsystems, several subsystems or totally integrated in the agribusiness system that is managed with good managerial skills for profit, material and moral. (Soekartawi, 1999).
1) Free Market System. The free market system is often called the perfect competition market. In this system the community is given full opportunity and freedom to determine the economic activities they want to do and the government does not interfere at all and does not try to influence the economic activities carried out by the community.
According to (Sastraatmadja, 1984) the characteristics of a free market system (perfect competition market): a. The number of companies is large so that each company has a relatively small role and cannot determine prices. Each company follows the market price (Price Teker), and the profit gained is accounting profit (normal profit). b. The product is homogeneous (homogenous product) and has relatively no specific differences. So each relative seller has no market power to influence the buyer. c. Free to enter or exit the market (Free Entry and Free Exit). This characteristic relates to the normal profits that each seller has in the perfectly competitive market. If within a period of time there is a lot of demand (Boom) there will be economic benefits, and this will stimulate new companies to enter the market. d. Consumers and producers have perfect information about the price of goods and the cost of production factors.
2) Economic Planning System. The economic planning system (socialism) was practiced in Communist countries, such as the Soviet Union (now Russia) and Eastern Europe. This system requires the government to fully determine the pattern of economic activities to be carried out. This system originated from the belief that economic activities regulated by market mechanisms will lead to unemployment and injustice. This system believes that the government will be able to carry out its functions more efficiently than a system that can be run in a free market system. To ensure the smooth running of the business and achieve the targets set in the planning made, capital tools are controlled and owned by the government (Sastraatmadja, 1984).
3) Mixed Economic System. A mixed economic system is an economic system that is controlled and overseen by the government, but the community still has considerable freedom to determine the economic activities they wish to carry out. Market mechanism still plays an important role in determining the pattern of economic activities carried out by the community (Sastraatmadja, 1984).
The main purpose of government intervention is to avoid the unfavorable consequences of a free market economic system. For example, in a free market system, the weak economic group is increasingly oppressed and the stronger economic group will be stronger. Government intervention allows efforts to avoid this.

Problems in Information and Communication Technology

Problems in Information and Communication Technology
Data is one of the main things studied in the problem of Information and Communication Technology (ICT). Data is something that has no meaning for the recipient and still requires a processing. Data can refer to a situation, picture, sound, letters, numbers, mathematics, language or other symbols. Data is the raw material of information.
Thus it can be explained again that the data are facts, estimates, or opinions that do not yet have meaning that can be utilized. There are several methods that can be used for data collection (indicator from Myanmar Journals Research Science, namely:
1. Direct observation. In this method we make direct observations of the object that we are studying. There is also an advantage in this method is the data collected is more complex, thorough, and careful. While this method has drawbacks, namely: The area for obtaining data is not extensive. In collecting data the funds used are expensive. Data collection cannot be done if there are many things that must be investigated.
2. Interview. In this interview method we conduct interviews with the object / person concerned about the things we observe. The advantages of this method are: The data collected is quite thorough. Data collection areas can be extensive. Can be represented by others. Weaknesses in this method are: Costs used are expensive. If represented, they will not be able to know the research objectives.
3. Estimates. In this case the correspondent is asked to provide the necessary information. Therefore, it is possible that the quality of the correspondent of the data can be neglected and that its accuracy is difficult to justify. While this estimation method also has advantages, namely: The cost used is relatively cheap. Data collection areas can be extensive.
4. Question List. In this question list method, we distribute the list of questions or questionnaires to be filled out by respondents, then after completing it is collected again. The advantages in this method are: the cost used is relatively cheap. Data collected faster. While the shortcomings in this method are sometimes the respondent does not return a list of questions.
Data describes a representation of facts that are arranged in a structured manner, in other words that “Generally, data represents a structured codification of single primary entities, as well as of transactions involving two or more primary entities”. (Vercellis, 2009: 6). In addition to the description of a fact, the data can also represent an object as stated by Henry and Munir (2006: 1) that “Data is a value that represents a description of an object or event (event)”
Data processing. According to George Therry, data processing is a series of operations on information planned to achieve the desired goals or results. Handling information or data processing consists of six elements, namely: 1. Sensing / sensing. Conducting observations of objects that we will examine and about what is in our observations. 2. Collection / Complications; Conduct data collection from observations that we have done. In order for our collection to be systematic, we must first classify existing data. 3. Processing / Computing; Carry out the processing of data that we have collected. 4. Presentation; This information is presented to the person who will make the decision. In this presentation the emphasis is on simplicity so as not to confuse the person making the decision. 5. Transmission Delivery; This is done if people need information far away. 6. Information Handling; Information needs to be stored to restore the decision because in returning the decision is not only done in the present, but also past and future.
Information is data that has been processed into a form that is meaningful to the recipient and useful in making decisions both now and in the future. Existing data is packaged and processed so that it becomes useful information. Here are definitions of information based on various sources. Information is a result of processing data into something meaningful for those who receive it, as stated by Vercellis (2009: 7) “Information is the outcome of extraction and processing activities carried out on data, and it appears meaningful for those who receive it in a specific domain. “Besides being the result of data processing, information also describes an event, as stated by Wawan and Munir (2006: 1) that” Information is the result of data processing in a form that describes a real event (event) (fact) with more useful and more meaningful. ”
Thus information can be explained again as data that has been processed into a form that is meaningful to the recipient and useful in making decisions both now and in the future. To produce precise and accurate information, data processing needs to be done first. Information generated by a computer can be viewed through a monitor or printed on paper through a printer. Information in processing this data can be in the form of writing, pictures, graphics, sounds, numbers and symbols.
Good and complete information requirements are the availability of information, language that is easily understood, relevant, contains useful information, information is presented on time or updated, reliability (can be used as a reference), accurate (true or not composed), and consistent (does not change).
Information has several characteristics, namely: 1. True or false. This can relate to reality or not. If the recipient of the wrong information believes, the consequences are the same as true. 2. New. Information obtained is new and fresh for the recipient. Recipients of information often feel bored if the information provided is always the same as the past and there is no change at all. 3. Addition. Information can be a correction of previous false or false information. 4. Affirmation. Information can reinforce existing information. This is still useful because it increases the recipient’s perception of the truth of the information.
Information can be said to be good if it has the following characteristics: 1. Information must be pertinent. Information must be related. Information statements must relate to matters and issues that are important to the recipient of the information (the person who needs the information). 2. Information must be accurate. Information must be free from mistakes and not have a bias or be misleading. The information produced must reflect its purpose. The accuracy of information often depends on the situation. 3. Information must be timely. Information must be available when needed. Information that comes to the recipient must not be too late. Information that is outdated will no longer have value because information is the basis in decision making. 4. Relevant. This information has benefits for the wearer. The relevance of information for each person must be different from one another.
The process of producing information must go through stages carried out by computers as information technology. These stages consist of Input – Process – Output which is called the information processing cycle. That is, if the stage has reached the output then the output can be used as input again. Thus it can be said that the information generated can also be used as data again as input for further processing.

Factors That Affect Demand and Supply

Factors That Affect Demand and Supply
Demand and supply in economics, is a description of the relationships in the market, between potential buyers and sellers of an item. Demand is the number of items purchased or requested at a certain price and time. While the offer is a number of goods sold or offered at a certain price and time
The supply and demand model is used to determine the price and quantity sold in the market. This model is very important for conducting microeconomic analysis of the behavior of buyers and sellers, as well as their interactions in the market. It is also used as a starting point for various economic models and theories. This model estimates that in a competitive market, price will function as a counterweight between the quantity demanded by consumers and the quantity offered by producers, so that an economic balance is created between price and quantity. This model accommodates the possibility of factors that can change the balance, which will then be displayed in the form of a shift from demand or supply (Hardynin in Sri Lanka Journals Research).
Law of Demand and Supply. If all assumptions are ignored (ceteris paribus): If prices get cheaper then demand or buyers will increase and vice versa. If the price is lower / cheaper, the offer will be less and vice versa.
All happened because all wanted to find satisfaction (profit) as much as possible from the existing price. If the price is too high then the buyer might buy a little because the money he has is limited, but for the seller with a high price he will try to multiply the goods sold or produced so that the profits obtained are even greater. High prices can also cause consumers / buyers to look for other products as a substitute for expensive goods.
Law of demand. The law of demand is the law that explains the existence of a negative relationship between the price level and the quantity of goods demanded. If the price rises the amount of goods demanded slightly and if the price is low the quantity of goods demanded increases. Thus the law of the request reads:
“The lower the price level, the more the amount of goods available is requested, and conversely the more the price level rises the less the number of goods that are willing to be requested.” In the law of demand applies the ceteris paribus assumption. This means that the law of demand applies if the circumstances or factors other than the price do not change (are considered fixed).
Bidding law. That the higher the price, the more goods offered. Conversely the lower the price of the goods, the fewer items offered. This is called the law of supply. The law of supply shows the relationship between the amount of goods offered and the price level. Thus the sound of the bidding law reads:
“The higher the price, the more number of items that are willing to be offered. Conversely, the lower the price level, the less amount of goods that are willing to be offered. “The law of supply will apply if other factors that influence the supply do not change (ceteris paribus).
Demand and Supply have things that influence the occurrence and continuation of demand and demand, those that we will discuss are the Factors Affecting Demand and Supply. before discussing this let us know the demand and supply. Demand is the amount of certain goods or services demanded by consumers at certain price levels and in certain situations. Offer is the amount of goods or services to be sold (offered) at a certain price level and situation. Factors That Affect Demand and Supply include:
1. Factors that Affect Demand
Taste. with changing consumer tastes for a particular product or service, of course the number of requests for that product or service changes. If the goods or services are being liked a lot, then the demand for the goods or services will increase. The opposite situation will occur if the goods or services are not liked by consumers.
Revenue Change. If the people’s income increases, there will certainly be a change in demand patterns in the market. For example, salary increases for civil servants and private employees will certainly increase the income of civil servants and employees concerned. This increase can result in changes in demand for some commodities at certain price levels for basic necessities, education and recreation, and many more
Change in Population. Population growth is a very dominant factor in changing demand and supply. This phenomenon is easy to understand, considering that it is not possible for a human child born in this world to be left alone without care, food, clothing and shelter and education as befits a human being who has to live a normal life. So explain that the increasing number of residents will result in increased demand for goods or services
Expectations or Expectations. Consumer expectations or expectations are estimates that he sets later on the income he receives. If he estimates that his income level will increase, so the number of requests will tend to increase. Conversely, if he estimates that his income level will decrease, then the number of requests will tend to decrease.
Prices of other related goods, both substitute goods and complementary goods. With the increase in the price of substitute goods, the demand for a particular item will increase, and vice versa if the substitute item decreases, the demand for that item decreases.
2. Factors That Affect the Bid
Production Technology. The level of technological progress of the company determines the company’s production capability. In general, the higher the technology applied, the more efficient the company is. The emergence of new producers. The emergence of new producers in the market will increase the number of goods sold and offered. Prices of Production Sources. Rising prices of production sources will lead to ups and downs in production costs. This will affect the offer of a type of goods.
Manufacturer expectations or expectations. If producers estimate an increase in the price of goods or services, a decrease in the prices of production sources, also an increase in consumer income, then from the producer will further increase the amount of supply to consumers. Thus a simple article about the discussion of Factors Affecting Demand and Supply. I hope this article is helpful for all of us. That is all and thank you.

Differences and Relationships for Social, Cultural and Characteristic Change

Differences and Relationships for Social, Cultural and Characteristic Change
Changes that occur in society generally involve complex matters. Therefore Alvin L. Bertrand states that social change basically cannot be explained by and adheres to a single factor. According to Robin Williams, the opinion of monofactor’s dichotism is now obsolete, and modern sociology will not use one-sided interpretations which say that change is only caused by one factor.
So it is clear, that the changes that occur in the community are caused by the many factors that influence. Therefore changes that occur in society are said to be related to complex matters. Social and cultural changes have a very close relationship. A social change will certainly influence the occurrence of cultural change. Cultural change covers all parts, namely art, science, philosophical technology, and so forth. That part and culture cannot be separated from human social life in society. It is not easy to determine the dividing line between social change and cultural change.
According from Thomas in Kenyan Journals, there is no society without culture. Conversely, it is impossible for a culture to be incarnated in society. In other words, social and cultural change has one aspect in common, both of which have to do with an acceptance of new ways or an improvement on the way a society meets its needs. Although social and cultural changes have a close relationship, they also have differences. The difference between social and cultural change can be seen and its direction. Social change is a change in terms of social structure and relations, while cultural change is a change in terms of community culture. Social changes occur in terms of the distribution of age groups, levels of education, and birth rates of the population. Cultural change includes the discovery and dissemination of society, changes in the concept of moral values and morality, new art forms and gender equality.
Sometimes social and cultural changes overlap. For example, now society wants gender equality related to changes in a set of cultural norms and the social role functions of men and women. To overcome this overlap, we often use the term socio-cultural change to cover both changes.
Thus, a change is said to be a Socio-Cultural Change if it has the following characteristics. There is no community whose development has stopped because every society experiences changes sooner or later. Changes that occur in social institutions will be followed by changes in existing social institutions. Changes that take place quickly will usually result in temporary chaos because people will try to adapt themselves to the changes that occur. Change cannot be limited to the material or spiritual realm because the two are interrelated. That, at a glance the differences and relationships of social and cultural change and characteristics, may be useful.
Social institutions are formed from values, norms, customs, codes of conduct, and other cultural elements that live in society. Values and norms that have only been recognized, recognized and respected by the community will be obeyed in daily life. The process will continue to social values and norms and be absorbed by the community. The process of absorption is called internalization (internalization).
In general, the definition of an institution is a norm system to achieve certain goals which are considered important by the community. The norm system includes ideas, rules, procedures, activities and sanctions (reward and punishment system). The norm system is the result of a process that has gradually become an organized system that has proven its credibility and reliability. As religion is an institution because it is a system of ideas, beliefs, ways of worship, and codes of conduct that are believed by adherents because they can lead to the good of the world and the hereafter. After that, over time it will develop into a part of an institution. The process by which new social values and norms are passed into becoming one of the social institutions which in society is called the institutionalization process.
Social institutions have goals that meet basic human needs. Social institutions have several functions, among others, as follows. Guidelines for community members in behaving or behaving to deal with problems in society, especially regarding human needs. As a guardian of the integrity of the community, it becomes a guideline to establish a social control system for the behavior of community members. Conditions for the Formation of Social Institutions, According to Selo Soemardjan, institutions are something that must be upheld and as a binding rule in society as an institutional growth process that binds 3 conditions. The requirements for forming a social institution are as follows. The norm animates all members of the community. Accepted by most members of the community without meaningful questions. Norms must have sanctions that are binding on every member of the community

Development of Learning Media in Education

Development of Learning Media in Education
Pronunciation in the English Language Education Department is one of the most important basic courses in the development of oral, listening and speaking language skills. Without mastering adequate pronunciation it is impossible for someone to speak English well. Incorrect pronunciation can cause misunderstanding. To be understood by others, one must be able to pronounce English correctly and to be able to understand someone else’s English, one must be able to grasp and understand the pronunciation of others.
Learning outcomes are determined by many factors. According to the Association of Education Communication Technology, learning system components include the people (teachers and students), the content of the material (teaching materials), teaching methods and techniques, media and teaching settings (place and time) Chuzikyn in Turkey Journals Studied.
Pronunciation mastery includes the ability to understand English sound system or phonology and the ability to produce English sounds properly and correctly, which includes loose words, phrases, sentences and dialogues or English discourse. To be able to understand theory is needed, and to be able to produce it requires a lot of practice or practice. Because of this, the Pronunciation courses in the English Education Department contain both theory and practice with a proportion of two to eight. A student who has passed the Pronunciation course ideally has mastered the theory of English sound system and is able to pronounce English correctly, so that they will not make mistakes in saying English words, phrases or sentences. They should also have the skills to read the sound symbols (transcription) used in dictionaries so that if they find a new word that is not yet known, their words can be checked through the dictionary. But the reality is not always the case. On various occasions, even in the thesis examination, it is still often found students who say the wrong words, even words that are often used in daily communication and learning. Even worse, if they are asked to check into a dictionary, they are not able to read the sound symbols properly. This fact shows that Pronunciation learning has not been maximally successful which will adversely affect the mastery of English as a whole, especially in spoken languages. For this reason, it is necessary to make a serious effort so that this lecture can succeed optimally.
Students are the main components in determining learning outcomes, because they are the subjects of the learning activities. Student learning outcomes are largely determined by learning motivation, willingness to learn, activeness in the learning process and the ability to receive and process learning materials. The different characteristics of these students will affect different learning outcomes. Students with high learning motivation will strive to achieve the desired learning outcomes. For that learning must be able to cause student motivation. In addition to learning motivation, initial abilities also determine learning outcomes. Students with sufficient initial ability tend to be easier to accept and process teaching and training materials compared to students with low initial ability. The initial ability also influences other learning components, such as the determination of the syllabus, the level of difficulty of teaching materials, teaching techniques and variety of exercises. Diverse initial abilities of students tend to make it difficult for teachers to plan and manage teaching. Based on observations so far, good pronunciation learning outcomes can only be achieved by students who already have sufficient initial ability, while students with low initial ability show less satisfying results.
Teachers or lecturers also participate in determining the level of learning outcomes of their students. The role of the lecturer in Pronunciation learning is as a manager of learning activities, as a motivator, facilitator and model. The Pronunciation teacher must be able to design appropriate PBM activities, choose appropriate material, assist students in training, monitor student practice and learning progress, and must also be able to become an example or model of how to pronounce English properly and correctly. PBI lecturer workload that is too dense sometimes triggers less than the maximum effort and role of lecturers in the teaching and learning process.
Besides being determined by the learning actors, namely students and lecturers, the pronunciation learning outcomes are also determined by the learning content and the media used to convey the learning message. The learning content is determined by the curriculum that is reflected in the course description, while the media used is determined by many things, including the availability and quality of the media, the willingness and ability of lecturers to choose and use media, and the availability of supporting facilities and inscriptions. The pronunciation learning media in the English department has so far been in the form of modules written about ten years ago, which contain material with considerable training material. However, it is felt that this module is still inadequate, so pronunciation teachers still have to look for additional materials needed. In addition, lecturers also still have to work hard to become a model of how to say the exercises in it. This is felt to be quite heavy and tiring for the lecturer when teaching, and viewed from the side of students modeling this way is not sufficient, because examples of utterances can only be heard once or twice, so students will quickly forget. Students need a speech model that can be heard at any time needed, while lecturers need facilities that can ease their work. This problem will be overcome by the availability of appropriate learning media.
The media for teaching and learning Pronunciation using a computer actually has a lot to offer, for example the existence of an audio-visual dictionary. Materials and pronunciation exercises have also been offered through the internet. This condition is very conducive for lecturers and students, so they can find more learning resources, more varied and also more interesting. But unfortunately, not all lecturers and students are able to do this activity. In addition, time can also be a constraint because of the amount of material available, sometimes not limited, that has not been selected and arranged according to lecture needs. Efforts to select and arrange the materials that are available are still felt to be very necessary so that there is an appropriate pronunciation learning media available that can help lecturers and students in the teaching and learning of Pronunciation.
In general, this research aims to: a) develop a multimedia model to be utilized in pronunciation learning by applying development research steps, b) examine the attractiveness of the media for students, and c) examine the impact of the media on the teaching and learning process of pronunciation in English education department.
Nowadays computer technology used in language learning is better known as CALL (Computer assisted Language Learning). Some experts in language learning state that the use of computer-based multi media is very potential to create effective language learning, because of its usefulness to integrate various media such as audio and video with high quality and can be arranged by the learner. The use of computer-based multi media in language learning is very useful because in addition to being able to present material through text, images, films, sound and graphics, it also has hypermarkets. This facility provides various benefits for language learners, such as: 1) creation of an authentic environment / situation, because aspects of listening are at the same time combined with aspects of seeing, as happens in the real world, 2). Integrated skill activity, which is learning activities that involve integrated skills between listening, reading, speaking and writing at the same time that are more easily patterned, 3) students have the freedom to carry out activities in accordance with their desires and abilities in choosing preferred material and repeating things things that still need to, determine the range of learning time needed, determine their own sequence of learning steps where for each individual is not necessarily the same (Warschaurer, 1996 in Harjanti, 2005).

General Definition of Globalization, Modernization and Westernization

General Definition of Globalization, Modernization and Westernization
The term globalization comes from the English word global which means universal and lization which means process. So the meaning of globalization according to the term is as a process of spreading new elements of information, thought, lifestyle, and technology worldwide. The occurrence of globalization is marked by the process of a country’s borders becoming increasingly narrow or fading because of the ease of interacting with the country both by exchanging information, trade, lifestyle, and other forms of interaction. In General, Understanding Globalization is a worldwide process where individuals are not bound by countries or increasingly narrower regional boundaries.
Globalization apart from the above understanding, there are also opinions of experts, among others, as follows or according from South African Journals;
Achmad Suparman: Understanding Globalization according to Achmad Suparman that globalization is a process that makes a thing or behavior as a characteristic of every individual in the world without being limited by territory.
Selo Soemardjan: Understanding globalization according to Selo Soemardjan is a process of forming a system of organization and communication between people throughout the world to follow certain systems and certain rules in common.
Understanding Modernization is a form of movement from underdeveloped or underdeveloped towards a better way to achieve the life of a more developed, developing and prosperous society.
Modernization is a process of change from the traditional way to a new, more advanced way to improve the quality of people’s lives. The birth of modernization is the result of advancing science and technology that continues to grow. The level of technology in building modernization is felt and enjoyed by all walks of life from metropolitan cities to remote villages.
Modernization has attracted the attention of experts who express their opinions in the understanding of experts. As according to Widjojo Nitisastro, and Soerjono Soekanto, following his opinion ..
Widjojo Nitisastro: Understanding Modernization according to Widjojo Nitisastro is a total transformation and traditional or premodern shared life in terms of technology and social organization, towards economic and political patterns.
Soerjono Soekanto: Understanding Modernization according to Soerjono Soekanto who said that modernization is a form and directed social change based on a plan that is usually called social planning.
Understanding Westernization is a process where people live or adopt Western culture in various fields including politics, industry, technology, economics, law, style of food, clothing, religion, language, and values.
Westernization is a large current that has political, social, cultural and technological outreach. Westernization is the embodiment of the Christian-Zionist-colonist conspiracy against Muslims. With westernization, the life of the nation, especially Muslims in the world, has become westernized. The concept of westernization is materialistic and modernizing. Westernization can be interpreted as complete freedom.
The opinions of experts regarding the meaning of westernization are as follows; Arif Furtonutely: According to Arif Furtonutely, that the notion of westernization is a large current in the political, social, cultural, cultural, knowledge and artistic dimensions to change the character of life of nations in the world in general and Islamic countries in particular into Western ideologies.
Eka Gunawan: Understanding Westernization according to Eka Gunawan in his book Modernization, Westernization, Secuiarisation that the definition of westernization is as a process of imitation by a society / state about the culture of western countries which is considered better than the culture of the country itself.
Differences in Globalization, Modernization & Westernization. Globalization: increasing interdependence among countries in the world, not a single country can live alone without the assistance of other countries. Modernization: changing the way of thinking from traditional and irrational to rational, efficient and practical ways of thinking. Westernization: lies in the process of identification and imitation of western culture. Thus a brief article on Understanding, Differences Globalization, Modernization and Westernization. Hopefully this article about the understanding of globalization, modernization and westernization will be useful. Thank you.
Social interactions are social relations that involve relationships between individuals, individuals (individuals) with groups, and groups with groups. Without social interaction there would not be a life together. Social process is an interaction or mutual relationship or mutual influence between humans that lasts throughout his life in society.
According to Soerjono Soekanto, social processes are defined as related ways that can be seen if individuals and social groups meet each other and determine the system and form of social relations.
Understanding Social Interaction according to some experts can be concluded that, interaction is a reciprocal relationship between two or more people, and each person involved in it plays an active role. In the interaction is also more than just a relationship between the parties involved, but there is mutual influence.
Social interaction can occur because of the factors that encourage so that led to the process of social interaction. Social interaction factors occur in two factors, namely factors from within a person or factors from the individual itself and factors from outside the individual or from outside the person. of the two factors there are various impulses that make things in interactions can occur can be related to others such as in terms of social interaction so that the two factors that occur social interaction is very important in the occurrence of social interaction. To find an explanation of these two factors, internal factors and external or individual factors, let’s look at the explanation below.

General Understanding of the Curriculum and According to Experts

General Understanding of the Curriculum and According to Experts
There are many opinions of experts / experts who provide definitions of curriculum understanding. Understanding the General Curriculum is a teaching and learning design program that is guided by educators and students. From a very strategic and fundamental role in the running of good education, the curriculum has a role in achieving goals because whether or not a curriculum is seen from the process and results of achievements that have been taken. The curriculum comes from English, namely Curriculum which means lesson plans, where the Curriculum comes from the Latin Currere which has many meanings such as running fast, fast forward, undergoing and trying.
Understanding Curriculum According to the Definition of Experts on Cameroon Journals. After discussing the general understanding of the curriculum and the origin of the language of the curriculum, it is time for us to refer to the understanding of the curriculum according to experts who provide an overview of the various definitions put forward to facilitate and understand the actual understanding of the curriculum which is fundamental to the actual function of the curriculum as an educational process to achieve goals, therefore to facilitate and understand it.
Understanding Curriculum According to the Definition of Experts. Understanding Curriculum According to Daniel Tanner and Laurel Tanner, understanding the curriculum is a learning experience that is directed and planned in a structured and structured through the process of reconstructing knowledge and experience systematically under the supervision of educational institutions so that students have motivation and interest in learning.
Understanding the curriculum According to Inlow (1966): Understanding the curriculum is a comprehensive effort specifically designed by the school in guiding students to get the results of the lessons that have been determined.
Understanding Curriculum According to Hilda Taba (1962): Understanding the curriculum as a plan of learning which means that the curriculum is something that is planned to be learned by students that contain plans for students. In his book “Curriculum Development Theory and Pratice”.
Understanding Curriculum According to Kerr, J. F (1968): Understanding the curriculum is a learning that is designed and implemented with individuals and groups both outside and inside the school.
Understanding Curriculum According to George A. Beaucham (1976): Understanding the curriculum is a written document that contains the contents of subjects taught to students through various subjects, the choice of scientific disciplines, the formulation of problems in daily life
Understanding Curriculum According to Neagley and Evans (1967): Understanding the curriculum is all experiences that have been designed by the school to help students achieve learning outcomes to the best student abilities
Understanding Curriculum According to Law. No. 20 of 2003: Understanding the curriculum is a set of plans and arrangements regarding the objectives, content, and teaching materials and ways used as guidelines for organizing learning activities to achieve national education goals.
Understanding Curriculum According to Good V. Carter (1973): Understanding the curriculum is a systematic teaching group or sequence of subjects required to pass or certify in major lessons
Understanding Curriculum According to Grayson (1978): Understanding the curriculum is a plan to get the expenditure (out-comes) expected from a learning
Understanding the Curriculum According to Murray Print: Understanding the curriculum is a planned learning space given directly to students by an educational institution and experience that can be enjoyed by all students when the curriculum is implemented.
Understanding Curriculum According to Crow and Crow: Understanding the curriculum is a teaching design or a number of subjects that are arranged systematically to complete a program to obtain a diploma.
Wikipedia, Education is a conscious and planned effort to create an atmosphere of learning and learning process so that students actively develop their potential to have spiritual spiritual strength, self-control, personality, intelligence, noble character, and the skills needed by themselves and the community.
From the above statement it can be concluded that Education is a conscious and planned effort to create an atmosphere of learning and the process of learning or training so that students can actively develop their potential to have spiritual spiritual strength, emotional, self-control, personality, intelligence, noble character, and the skills needed by him and the community.
Before further discussing the ins and outs of education, it helps us to know in advance about the limits or understanding of education. With a complete understanding, we will more easily enter into deeper discussions about education.
According to the Great Language Dictionary, education comes from the word “educator”, then given the prefix “me” so that it becomes “educate” which means to maintain and give practice. in looking after and giving training there needs to be teachings, demands and leadership regarding morals and intelligence of thought. Some definitions of education, including the following:
John Dewey. Education is the process of forming fundamental abilities intellectually, emotionally toward nature and fellow human beings. M.J. Longeveled. Education is an effort, influence, protection and assistance given to children to be directed to maturity, or rather help children to be capable enough to carry out their own life’s tasks.
Thompson. Education is the influence of the environment on individuals to produce changes that remain in the habits of behavior, thoughts and nature. Frederick J. Mc Donald. Education is a process or activity that is directed to change human behavior. H. Horne. Education is an ongoing process of adjustment that develops physically and mentally that is conscious and free to God J.J. Russeau. Education is a briefing that is not available at the time of the children, but is needed at the time of adulthood.