General Understanding of Diagrams and the Others

General Understanding of Diagrams and the Others
Generally Understanding Diagrams are pictures or graphics that contain information and explain the means, procedures, or activities that are usually carried out by a system. Diagrams can also mean images (sketches, blurred) that use lines and symbols to explain or show something.
Diagram is a picture of data that has been processed in such a way as a graph, line or table. Diagram is a means to facilitate users in analyzing data with an attractive appearance and easy to understand. The contents of the diagram are usually in the form of nominal, scale or statistical data.
The Types of Diagrams are as follows. divided into several types of different shapes and pictures (Taher on Sudan Journals):
Line diagram is a diagram that presents data using lines. Whether it’s a straight line, curve or dotted line. This diagram is usually used to present statistical data obtained through observations from time to time in sequence. In its application, it usually uses the X axis and the Y axis. The X axis is used to indicate the time of observation, while the Y axis is used to show the results of observational values at a certain time. Collection of time and observations form points in the XY plane, then each column of two adjacent points connected by a straight line so that a line chart is created or also called a line graph.
Definition of Line Diagrams. Pie Chart. A pie chart is a diagram that presents data using a circle as a picture. Usually the data presented in the circle diagram is in the form of percent data. In making a pie chart, the first thing you have to do is determine the magnitude of each object’s percentage of the overall data and the size of the center angle of the circle sector.
Understanding Circle Diagrams. Line Grid Diagram. A line box diagram is a diagram whose data is presented using a rectangle accompanied by a line. The statistical data used in describing the grid diagran is in the form of the Five String Statistics, which consists of the smallest data and the largest (extreme) data, Q1, Q2, and Q3.
Understanding Line Charts. Bar Chart. A bar chart is a diagram that uses rectangles as a tool to present data. Generally this diagram is used to illustrate the development of the value of an object of research within a certain period. This diagram presents various kinds of information upright or horizontally and as wide as the separate bars.
Understanding Bar Charts. Presentation in the form of graphic images or diagrams can further explain the problem visually. A bar chart (histogram) is a description of a frequency distribution, where for each class expressed on a horizontal (flat) scale and its frequency on a vertical (upright) scale; or vice versa. Data which are in the form of categories or attributes are very appropriate to be presented with bar charts. If the diagram is made upright, then a flat axis is used to express the attribute. Quantum or data values are drawn on an upright axis.
A histogram is a graphical representation of numerical data distribution. This is an estimate of the probability distribution of continuous variables (quantitative variables) and was first introduced by Karl Pearson. To build a histogram, the first step is to “bin” the range of values — that is, divide the entire range of values into a series of intervals — and then calculate how many values fall into each interval. Garbage is usually defined as successive, non-overlapping variable intervals. Trash (intervals) must be close together, and usually the same size.
If trash is the same size, the rectangle that is erected on top of the bin with a height proportional to the frequency, the number of cases in each bin. In general, however, garbage does not need to be the same width; in that case, an established rectangle has an area proportional to the frequency of cases in the trash [3] The vertical axis is not frequency but density: the number of cases per unit of variable on the horizontal axis. The histogram can also be normalized to display relative frequencies. It then shows the proportion of cases that fall into each of several categories, with the sum of the heights equaling 1. An example of the variable bin width is shown in the Census Bureau data below.
The histogram gives a rough sense of the distribution density that underlies the data, and often for the density estimation: estimating the probability density function of the underlying variable. The total area of the histogram used for probability density is always normalized to 1. If the length of the intervals on the x-axis are all 1, then the histogram is identical to the relative frequency plot.
A histogram can be thought of as a simple kernel density estimate, which uses the kernel to smooth the frequency of garbage. This results in a smooth probability density function, which in general more accurately reflects the distribution of the underlying variables. The density estimate can be plotted as an alternative to the histogram, and is usually described as a curve rather than a set of squares. Another alternative is the shifted histogram average, which is quick to calculate and provides a smooth curve density estimate without using a kernel.
The histogram is one of the seven basic tools for quality control. Histograms are often confused with bar graphs. A histogram is used for continuous data, where garbage represents the range of data, and meaningful rectangular fields, while bar charts are plots of categorical variables and discontinuities must be indicated by having gaps between rectangles, from which only lengths are meaningful. Often this is ignored, which can cause a confused bar chart for the histogram.

General Understanding of Fiscal Policy

General Understanding of Fiscal Policy, Objectives and Miscellaneous
Fiscal policy is commonly referred to as fiscal politics, in general the notion of fiscal policy (fiscal policy) is the implementation of a form of operational budget policy carried out by the government in regulating state finances. The policy direction emphasizes the allocation of state expenditure and state revenue specifically on taxation, for example just high and low taxes, or even tax exemption in controlling the economy to achieve national goals. In carrying out the policy is very effective especially coupled with monetary policy.
Fiscal Policy Theory
1. Functional Theory of Financing
This theory was put forward by AP Lerner in American Journals. According to him, the budget is in the form of financing by the government and has no direct effect on national income and aims at expanding employment opportunities. In this theory the tax does not need to be withdrawn when the unemployment rate is high because it can reduce the opportunity for new job vacancies. The inflation will be overcome by government loans.
2. Budget Management Theory
In the theory of budget management, it is stated that revenues from taxes or loans and state expenditures constitute an integrated whole that cannot be separated in order to create a stable and stable economy. According to Alvin Hasen who put forward this theory, it is a time of deflation where prices are cheap because people do not have purchasing power. This causes the economy to be sluggish.
At the time of deflation, the state should use a budget deficit policy. The government borrows funds to foreign or private parties so that the money circulating domestically increases because of the loan. As a result the government can increase demand for goods and services so that it will improve economic conditions.
When there is inflation where prices rise, the government can use a surplus budget policy. With a surplus budget policy the government will try to save expenses and seek government savings. This policy will influence and reduce the demand for goods and services by the government, and the existence of government savings will add to the total savings (aggregate).
Reducing demand and increasing savings can reduce inflation. Because one of the policies to overcome inflation is to increase savings through increased interest rates. This is to reduce the amount of money circulating in the community.
Inflation is when the money in circulation exceeds the existing goods. Even though prices continue to rise, people will continue to buy because they have money, including the government. With consumption expenditure and government demand, there is only a slight increase in goods and prices do not increase too quickly.

3. Automatic Stable Theory
Budget policies must regulate government spending. This is seen from the comparison between the results and costs incurred for a development project that will be funded by the State Budget. Thus the budget balance can occur by itself.
The purpose of doing fiscal policy and various fiscal policies are as follows ….
1. Purpose of Fiscal Policy
The objectives of the occurrence and continuity of fiscal policies among others are as follows.
Achieve economic stability
Spur and encourage economic growth
Expand and create jobs
Creating the realization of social justice for the community
Achieve distribution and income distribution.
Prevent unemployment and stabilize prices
A common problem in economic activity is inflation. Inflation is the amount of money circulating in the community that is greater than the amount of goods and services will cause an increase in the prices of goods. Ways to deal with inflation through fiscal policy include the following.
Alternative ways of dealing with inflation through fiscal policy
American Bank as a central bank with financial authority will try to reduce the amount of money circulating in the community until a balance is created with the amount of goods and services available.
Strive to increase production so that later the number of goods or services in the community increases which will then achieve a balance between the amount of goods / services with the amount of money in circulation
Decision to Overcome Inflation through Fiscal Policy
Reducing government expenditure budgets by optimizing vital items.
Increase tax revenue through efforts to increase public tax awareness and the imposition of high tax rates for several components of the tax deemed necessary.
Conducting government loans to cover the existing shortcomings. But the nature of the loans made by the government is only as a complement in the development process.
2. Types of Fiscal Policies
Types of fiscal policy are divided into 2 parts, namely types of fiscal policy based on theoretical terms and kinds of fiscal policy based on the amount of revenue and expenditure, among others, the following.
a. Types of Fiscal Policies Based on Sigi Theory
Functional Finance: Functional finance is a policy that regulates and considers government expenditure from various indirect effects on national income and aims at increasing employment opportunities.
Budget Management (The Managed Budget Approach): Budget management is regulating government spending, debt and taxation in achieving a stable economy.
The Automatic Stabilizing Budget: Budget stabilization is a policy that regulates all government spending by considering the benefits and costs of various government expenditures and programs. the goal is saving the government budget.
b. Various Fiscal Policies Based on Amount of Revenue and Expenditures
Balanced Budget Policy: A balanced budget policy is a policy that compiles the same amount of revenue and expenditure, so the revenue received by the government must be the same as its expenditure and vice versa. The advantage of this policy is that there is no need for loans from both domestic and foreign countries, while the disadvantage is that if the country’s economy is in a bad state it will cause the economy to worsen
Surplus Budget Policy: surplus budget policy is a policy that is prepared with income / revenue must be greater than the expenditure or expenditure with a little but a lot of income / revenue. This is used to prevent inflation.
Deficit Budget Policy: deficit budget policy is a policy that is prepared by spending greater than revenue / income. This is the opposite of the surplus budget policy. The budget deficit policy is carried out to reduce depression and slump in increasing economic growth but causing budget shortages.
Dynamic Budget Policy: Dynamic budget policy is a policy that is compiled by means of an equal amount of expenditure and revenue and gradually increases in number. This policy is carried out to address the growing needs so that a large amount is needed.

General Understanding of the Press and Function

General Understanding of the Press and the Function of the Press
The term “press” comes from the language, which in English means press. The press literally means print and meaningfully broadcasts are printed or printed publications.
In its development the press has two meanings, namely the press in the broad sense and the press in the narrow sense. In a broad sense, the press covers all mass communication media, such as radio, television, and film that function to transmit / spread information, news, ideas, thoughts, or feelings of a person or group of people to others. So the term radio journalism, television journalism, press journalism is known. In a narrow sense, the press is only classified as publishing products that go through the printing process, such as daily newspapers, weekly magazines, semi-monthly magazines and so on known as print media.
According information from Iranian Journals, the press has two sides, namely: first it is the oldest communication medium in the world, and second, the press as a social institution or social institution is an integral part of society, and is not an alien and separate element from it. And as a community institution it influences and is influenced by other community institutions.
Understanding the Press in General is the mass media carrying out journalistic activities in the form of writing, sound, and images as well as data and graphics using electronic media and print media and etc. The press in etymology, the word press (Dutch), presse (french), Press (English), while the word press in Latin is pressare from the word premere meaning “press” or “print”. the terminological definition of press is print or print media. The term press is known as one type of mass media or mass communication media that has long been known by the public and not only that the term press is also commonly associated with newspapers (magazines) or magazines (magazines).
Understanding the Press According to Experts. Understanding the press according to Weiner, said that the understanding of the press is a print journalist or print media publicist or news coverage, and print media. Understanding the Press according to Oemar Seno Adji communication experts divide the notion of the press in the narrow sense and the understanding of the press in the broad sense, the meaning of the press in the narrow sense is broadcasting thoughts, ideas, or news with the word written, while the notion of the press in the broad sense is to include in it a mass communications media that transmits people’s thoughts and feelings both with written and oral words.
Understanding the press according to Gamle & Gamle is a part of communication between humans (human communication), which means, the media is a channel or means in expanding and furthering the reach of the process of delivering messages between people. The understanding of the press according to the Law which reads that the notion of the press is a social institution or mass communication vehicle that carries out journalistic activities which include, seek, obtain, possess, store, process, and convey information in the form of text, sound, pictures, sounds and images and data and graphics and in other forms using print or electronic media, and all types of available channels.
The press has a function / role in the world and society. In the country, freedom of expression is regulated, and indeed expressing that opinion is very important and not just in the political sphere. But in all fields, freedom of opinion is also related to freedom of providing information or disseminating information through mass media.
The article states that “everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and express opinions”. This right includes freedom to hold opinions without being interfered with and a person is free to argue through any media, whether print or electronic media.
Freedom of opinion means freedom of the press. The press in the state has a very important role, the press is useful as a liaison of information between the government and its people. So that the people can know more about the development of their country.

Education as a planned effort to educate

Education as a planned effort to educate
In general, Understanding Education is a conscious and planned effort to create an atmosphere of learning and learning process for students to actively develop their potential to have spiritual spiritual strength, self-control, personality, intelligence, noble character, and the skills needed by themselves and the community. Education can be interpreted as a conscious and systematic effort to achieve a standard of living or for better progress. Simply put, Understanding education is a learning process for students to be able to understand, understand, and make humans more critical in thinking.
According information from Pakistan Journals, Etymologically or origin, the word education in English is called education, in Latin education is called educatum which is composed of two words namely E and Duco where the word E means a development from the inside out or from a little more, while Duco means development or being developed. So, etymologically the notion of education is the process of developing one’s own abilities and individual strengths. Meanwhile, according to the Indonesian Dictionary, education is the process of changing attitudes and behavior of a person or group of people in an effort to mature humans through teaching and training efforts.
Education can be obtained both formally and non-formally. Formal education is obtained by following planned programs, structured by an institution, department or ministry of a country. While non-formal education is knowledge gained from everyday life from various experiences both experienced or learned from others.
Understanding Education According to Experts. Ki Hajar Dewantara (Father of Indonesian National Education): According to Ki Hajar Dewantara that the notion of education is a demand in the lives of growing children, as for its purpose, education is to guide all natural forces that exist in these children, so that they as humans and as community members can achieve the highest level of safety and happiness.
Ahmad D. Marimba: Understanding education according to Ahmad D. Marimba is conscious guidance or guidance by educators there is an educated physical and spiritual development towards the formation of the ultimate personality.
H.H.Horne: Understanding education according to Horne that education is a tool in which social groups continue their existence in influencing themselves and maintaining their idealism.
Martinus Jan Langeveld: Understanding education according to Martinus Jan Langeveld that the notion of education is an effort to help children to be able to carry out their life’s tasks independently so that they can be morally responsible. Education is an adult human endeavor to guide underage humans to maturity.
Gunning and Kohnstamm: Understanding education according to Gunning and Kohnstamm is the process of forming a conscience. An ethical formation and self-determination in accordance with conscience.
Stella Van Petten Henderson: According to Stella Van Petten Henderson that education is a combination of growth, self-development and social heritage.
Charter. V. Good: Understanding education according to Carter V. Good that education is the process of developing individual skills in community attitudes and behavior. Social processes where a person is influenced by an organized environment, such as home or school, so that they can achieve self-development and social skills.
According to the law: The definition of education based on the law is a conscious and planned effort to create an atmosphere of learning and learning process so that students actively develop their potential to have spiritual spiritual power, self-control, personality, intelligence, noble character, and the skills needed by themselves, the community, nation and state.
Educational Objectives. Based on the Law which states that the purpose of education is to educate the lives of the people and develop a whole person, that is, those who have faith and are devoted to God Almighty and have good character, have knowledge and skills, physical and spiritual health, a steady and independent personality and sense of community responsibility nation.
Based on the Law on the National Education System in article 3, that the aim of national education is to develop the potential of students to become human beings who believe in and fear God Almighty, have noble, healthy, knowledgeable, capable, creative, independent, and become citizens who are democratic and responsible.
Thus information about Understanding Education in General Hopefully friends can receive and benefit us all both the notion of education, understanding of education according to experts, the purpose of education. That is all and thank you.

Administration and Management Functions

Administration and Management Functions
It is known that basically administration functions to determine organizational goals and formulate general policies, while management functions to carry out activities that need to be carried out in order to achieve goals within the limits of public policy that has been formulated.
In the implementation process, administration and management have certain tasks that must be carried out by themselves. These tasks are commonly referred to / interpreted as administrative and management functions. Until now scholars have not had a unanimous agreement on the administrative and management functions, both in terms of their classification and the terminology used.
According to Prof Sondang in his Journal “Managerial Functions in Swaziland Journals” and “Administrative Philosophy” the administrative and management functions are: 1. Planning (Organizing) 2. Organizing (Organizing) 3. Provision of Motivation 4. Motivating 5. Evaluating (Evaluating). These functions absolutely must be carried out by administration and management. Inability to carry out these functions will result in slow or fast death of the organization.
A. Planning (Planning). Planning can be defined as the whole process of thinking and determining the things that will be done in the future in order to achieve the goals that have been determined. This understanding shows that planning is the first administrative and management function. The reason is that without a plan, there is no basis for carrying out certain activities within the framework of achieving the objectives. Planning becomes the first function because it is the basis and starting point for further implementation activities.
The question becomes: What activities must be carried out in order to achieve predetermined goals? Where are certain activities carried out? This question covers the location of the building of the organization to be erected, spatial structure, place of employment. When certain activities will be carried out. This means that in the plan, a priority system must be drawn, time scheduling and matters related to the time factor. How to carry out activities towards the achievement of objectives? Which is covered by this question concerns the system and work procedures, standards that must be met, how to make and submit reports, how to save documents and others. The question “Siupa” means finding answers in a plan about the description of the division of tasks, authority and responsibility. Philosophically, the most important question in this series of questions is the “why” question. Most important because this question is addressed to the five questions that precede it. If the leadership group can satisfy itself with the answers obtained to the six questions, a good plan will be created.
B. Organizing
Organizing is the whole process of grouping people, tools, tasks, responsibilities and authority in such a way as to create an organization that can be mobilized as a unity in order to achieve predetermined goals.
This definition shows that organizing is the first step towards implementing a previously arranged plan. Thus it is also logical if organizing as an administrative and management function is placed as a second function, following the planning function. Also seen in the definition is that the implementation of the organizing function produces an organization that can be mobilized as a rounded entity.
The organization as an administration and management tool seems important when it is remembered that the movement of the organization towards the achievement of objectives is very dependent on the ability of people in the organization to move the organization in the direction that has been set.
C. Motivating. Mobilization is the whole process of giving working motives to subordinates in such a way that they want to work sincerely for the achievement of organizational goals efficiently and economically. “Motivating” implicitly means that the leadership of the organization is in the midst of his subordinates and thus can provide guidance, instruction, advice and correction if necessary. The implementation of the “Motivating” function in an organization can be carried out well by using the following techniques: Explain the organization’s goals to everyone in the organization. Try to make everyone aware, understand and accept these goals well. Try to make everyone understand the organizational structure. Emphasize the importance of collaboration in carrying out the activities required. Treat each subordinate as a human being with full understanding. Give appreciation and praise to competent subordinates and reprimands and guidance to those who are less able to work.
7. Reassure everyone that by working well in the organization the personal goals of these people will be achieved to the maximum extent.
D. Control (Controling)
Supervision is the process of observation rather than the implementation of all activities of the organization to ensure that all work being carried out goes according to a predetermined plan. From this definition it is clear that there is a very close relationship between planning and supervision.
This means that planning and supervision are both halves of the same coin. It is clear that without a supervision plan it is impossible to carry out because there are no guidelines for carrying out that supervision. Conversely, an unsupervised plan will mean serious deviations and / or deviations without any means to prevent it.

Management and Administration

Management and Administration
The line between administration and management is very thin and unclear. They look similar, but are very different from each other. Administration means the process of managing the entire organization effectively. Management is the act of completing work through another. We often get confused between the two. However, the main point of difference between the two is that management can be held accountable to the administration.
Definition of Management. Management is defined as an act of managing people and their work, to obtain common goals by using organizational resources. Management creates an environment under which managers and subordinates can work together to achieve group goals. Management is a group of people who use their abilities and talents in carrying out the integrity of the system of the organization. Management is an activity, function, process, discipline, and many more (Thailand Journals, 2019).
Planning, managing, leading and motivating, controlling, coordinating and making decisions are the main activities carried out by management. Management brings 5M from an organization, namely Men (People), Materials (Materials), Machines (Machines), Methods (Methods), and Money (Money). Management is a result-oriented activity, which focuses on achieving the desired results.
Understanding Administration. Administration is a systematic process of managing the management of a business organization, educational institution such as a school or college, government office or any non-profit organization. The main function of administration is the formation of plans, policies, procedures, setting goals and objectives, enforcing rules and regulations, etc.
Administration lies in the fundamental framework of the organization, within which the management of the organization functions. Administration is bureaucratic. Administration is a broader term as administration involves the functions of forecasting, planning, management, and decision making at the highest level of a company. Administration represents the highest layer of the management hierarchy of the organization. This highest level authority could be the owner or business partner who invested capital at the start of the business. They get rewards in the form of profit or dividends.
Main Differences Between Management and Administration; The main differences between management and administration are as follows: Management is a systematic way of managing people and things in the organization. Administration is defined as the act of managing the entire organization by a group of people. Management is an activity at the functional and business level, while administration is an activity at a high level. Management plays an executive role in the organization. Unlike administration which has a decisive role. Administration determines all important decisions of the organization while management makes decisions within administrative boundaries.
A collection of people who are employees of an organization collectively is called management. On the other hand, the administration represents the owner of the organization. Management can be seen in organizations that generate profits such as business ventures. On the contrary, administration is found in government and military offices, associations, hospitals, religious organizations, and all non-profit businesses. Management is all about plans and actions, but administration is more related to policy formulation and goal setting. The manager takes care of the management of the organization, while the administrator is responsible for the administration of the organization. Management focuses on managing people and their work. On the other hand, administration focuses on making the best use possible from organizational resources.
Conclusion. Theoretically, you could say that both have different terms, but in practice, you will find that the two terms are more or less the same. You will realize that a manager carries out both functional and administrative activities. Although managers who work at the highest level are said to be part of the administration even though managers working at the lower or middle level represent management. So, we can say that administration is above management.
Vision and mission. The company explains how its purpose and direction through its vision and mission. Both seem to have the same function, but actually have different meanings, many people are still difficult to distinguish from one another. What is the difference between vision and mission? The vision briefly explains what the company wants in the future, while the mission explains what the company must do now to achieve its vision.
Objectives of Vision and Mission. Vision explains why a company stands. Vision is a picture of what the company wants to give to the community, not only customers, but also employees, investors and all people related to the company. The mission aims to guide how a company operates in its daily life and determine the decisions in the company. The mission provides planning how to achieve its objectives. With this mission, each member of the company will get a clear picture of what they need to do now and how they should do their work

Agriculture Science Tower Canal

Agriculture Science Tower Canal
Agricultural science (agricultural science) is a field of study that studies agriculture broadly. Like the health sciences family, this field is part of the applied and multidisciplinary family of life sciences. With the core of biology, this science also utilizes mathematics, statistics, natural sciences, economic and social sciences, and various technologies from other scientific families. Agricultural science is not necessarily only related to agriculture and agronomy (the science of plant utilization). The definition of agriculture is a series of activities that change the environment to produce animal and vegetable products that benefit humans, while agronomy is a study related to the cultivation and other uses of plants; so that agricultural science covers a broader range of these two things, it also concerns the cultivation of plants and animals, on land and in water.
In line with the agricultural development of science and technology, Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is no longer seen as a technology, but has become a concept in solving field problems (Kenmore 1996 in Zimbabwean Journals).
Waage (1997) classifies the concept of IPM into two groups, namely the concept of IPM technology and IPM ecology. The IPM technology concept is a further development from the initial concept that was sparked by Stern et al. (1959), which was later developed by experts through the Earth Summit agenda in Rio de Janeiro in 2019 and FAO. The aim of IPM technology is to limit the use of synthetic insecticides by introducing the concept of economic threshold as a basis for establishing pest control. This approach encourages the replacement of chemical pesticides with alternative control technologies, which use more biological materials and methods, including natural enemies, biological pesticides, and pheromones. In this way, the negative impact of the use of pesticides on health and the environment can be reduced (Fortunately, 2000).
Agriculture is the biggest human intervention on nature, which impacts the environment in general. Issues regarding intensive agriculture, industrial agriculture, and increasing human population have attracted the attention of agricultural scientists about the importance of developing new agricultural methods to deal with this. This includes the assumption that the solution to the agricultural problem lies only in science and technology, whereas other solutions such as integrated pest management, land and water management, the concept of sustainable agricultural cultivation, agricultural institutions, the concept of integrated fisheries, and digital agricultural extension can also be alternative solutions for widespread agricultural problems.
The concept of ecological IPM departs from the development and application of IPM in agricultural systems in certain places. In this case, pest control is based on knowledge and information about pest population dynamics and natural enemies and ecosystem balance. Unlike the IPM concept of technology which still accepts chemical pest control techniques based on economic thresholds, the IPM ecological concept tends to reject chemical pest control. In addressing these two IPM concepts, we must be good at integrating them because each concept has advantages and disadvantages. This is because if the two concepts are applied it cannot be generally accepted.
Soil is one component of land in the form of the top layer of the earth’s crust which consists of minerals and organic matter and has physical, chemical, biological characteristics, and has the ability to support the lives of humans and other living things. As we know the food chain originates from plants. Humans and animals live from plants. There are plants and animals that live in the sea, but most of our food comes from the ground. Therefore, it is our duty to preserve the soil so that it can still support life on this earth. However, as with water and air pollution, soil pollution is also largely due to human activities as well.
Environmentally friendly plant cultivation business is a cultivation business carried out with the principle of not damaging the environment and polluting the environment related to aspects of natural resource utilization, waste disposal and the safety of the surrounding environment. Management of environmentally friendly crop cultivation which is realized in the application of appropriate management concepts is a way out in realizing an environmentally friendly farming business (Department of Agriculture, Food Crops and Horticulture 2007). The development of the global and regional economy requires farmers, especially food and vegetable farmers to do farming not only to get high production but also to consider the quality of production and support of farming. This is due to the growing desire of consumers for agricultural products of food crops, vegetables, plantations as well as quality fisheries with a high level of food security and to increase public awareness and understanding of environmental conservation.
Increased biomass production activities (plants produced by agricultural activities, plantations and plantation forests) that use uncontrolled land can cause damage to the land for biomass production, thereby reducing the quality and function of the soil which in turn can threaten the survival of humans and other living things.
Several indicators of concern regarding the results of the evaluation of the development of agricultural activities to date, namely: (1) the level of land productivity has decreased, (2) the level of land fertility has declined, (3) conversion of agricultural land has increased, (4) the area and quality of degraded land has expanded , (5) the level of pollution and damage to the agricultural environment increases, (6) the carrying capacity of the environment decreases, (7) the level of unemployment in the countryside increases, (8) the exchange power of farmers decreases, (9) the income and welfare of farm families decreases, (10) inequality between groups of people increases.