Differences and Relationships for Social, Cultural and Characteristic Change

Differences and Relationships for Social, Cultural and Characteristic Change
Changes that occur in society generally involve complex matters. Therefore Alvin L. Bertrand states that social change basically cannot be explained by and adheres to a single factor. According to Robin Williams, the opinion of monofactor’s dichotism is now obsolete, and modern sociology will not use one-sided interpretations which say that change is only caused by one factor.
So it is clear, that the changes that occur in the community are caused by the many factors that influence. Therefore changes that occur in society are said to be related to complex matters. Social and cultural changes have a very close relationship. A social change will certainly influence the occurrence of cultural change. Cultural change covers all parts, namely art, science, philosophical technology, and so forth. That part and culture cannot be separated from human social life in society. It is not easy to determine the dividing line between social change and cultural change.
According from Thomas in Kenyan Journals, there is no society without culture. Conversely, it is impossible for a culture to be incarnated in society. In other words, social and cultural change has one aspect in common, both of which have to do with an acceptance of new ways or an improvement on the way a society meets its needs. Although social and cultural changes have a close relationship, they also have differences. The difference between social and cultural change can be seen and its direction. Social change is a change in terms of social structure and relations, while cultural change is a change in terms of community culture. Social changes occur in terms of the distribution of age groups, levels of education, and birth rates of the population. Cultural change includes the discovery and dissemination of society, changes in the concept of moral values and morality, new art forms and gender equality.
Sometimes social and cultural changes overlap. For example, now society wants gender equality related to changes in a set of cultural norms and the social role functions of men and women. To overcome this overlap, we often use the term socio-cultural change to cover both changes.
Thus, a change is said to be a Socio-Cultural Change if it has the following characteristics. There is no community whose development has stopped because every society experiences changes sooner or later. Changes that occur in social institutions will be followed by changes in existing social institutions. Changes that take place quickly will usually result in temporary chaos because people will try to adapt themselves to the changes that occur. Change cannot be limited to the material or spiritual realm because the two are interrelated. That, at a glance the differences and relationships of social and cultural change and characteristics, may be useful.
Social institutions are formed from values, norms, customs, codes of conduct, and other cultural elements that live in society. Values and norms that have only been recognized, recognized and respected by the community will be obeyed in daily life. The process will continue to social values and norms and be absorbed by the community. The process of absorption is called internalization (internalization).
In general, the definition of an institution is a norm system to achieve certain goals which are considered important by the community. The norm system includes ideas, rules, procedures, activities and sanctions (reward and punishment system). The norm system is the result of a process that has gradually become an organized system that has proven its credibility and reliability. As religion is an institution because it is a system of ideas, beliefs, ways of worship, and codes of conduct that are believed by adherents because they can lead to the good of the world and the hereafter. After that, over time it will develop into a part of an institution. The process by which new social values and norms are passed into becoming one of the social institutions which in society is called the institutionalization process.
Social institutions have goals that meet basic human needs. Social institutions have several functions, among others, as follows. Guidelines for community members in behaving or behaving to deal with problems in society, especially regarding human needs. As a guardian of the integrity of the community, it becomes a guideline to establish a social control system for the behavior of community members. Conditions for the Formation of Social Institutions, According to Selo Soemardjan, institutions are something that must be upheld and as a binding rule in society as an institutional growth process that binds 3 conditions. The requirements for forming a social institution are as follows. The norm animates all members of the community. Accepted by most members of the community without meaningful questions. Norms must have sanctions that are binding on every member of the community